Baseball is an American sports game in which a ball is thrown from a defensive player called “pitcher” to a “catcher” and an offensive player called batter tries to hit it with a round, smooth bat before the catcher receives it. Baseball is also called “Hardball” because similar games such as “Softball” may confuse people.
To play baseball, two teams of nine players each are required, one between six umpires (between 4 and six in official first league games), an important piece of equipment (helmet, gloves, bat, ball) and a special field which has four bases numbered counterclockwise, the first three are smaller and are called bags and the fourth one is the home base (it is also called diamond or home plate). The field contains the infield and the four bases in which the games it is played.
The first time when baseball was ever mentioned is in 1791 Pittsfield, Massachusetts, United States. Soon, “base ball” began to be regularly played on Saturdays by different teams in New York. The first official Baseball team which played based on today’s rules was New York Knickerboxers which was founded in September 1845 in New York. The team was only amateur and it eventually disbanded.
In 1855 New York, the press was paying more attention to cricket than baseball, but soon the game and the major league teams were getting more and more popular and have risen starting with 1870. Sixteen baseball clubs have formed in 1857 the National Association of Base Ball Players (NABBP) in which were included the Knickerboxers. After the Civil War, the association grew to almost 100 clubs by 1865 and to over 400 by 1867.
Baseball is now very popular in America and East Asia. Puerto Rico, Japan, Cuba, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, South Korea, Taiwan are most important countries but it is also well known in other smaller regions. In the United States, baseball had been one of the most popular games in history, it exceeded American football and car racing in popularity.